Lung diseases are the most common medical illnesses across the globe. As such, it would definitely be helpful if people would be very familiar with them.
A lung disease could be brought about by several factors. The kind of lung illness that would manifest is dependent on the part of the respiratory tract that has been infected and the kind of matter that has triggered the infection.
Lung Diseases Disturbing the Alveoli
The air sacs or the alveoli are the parts of the lungs that gather oxygen needed for several essential body processes. Lung diseases that could infect or affect the alveoli include various types of pneumonia, emphysema, tuberculosis, lung cancer and pulmonary edema. Precisely, all of these diseases would hamper several essential biological processes in the lungs such as cellular respiration and oxygen accumulation.
Lung Diseases Disturbing the Airways
The airways are comprised of the trachea, the bronchi, and other smaller tubes that serve as mediums of air. Examples of lung diseases that could affect this part of the respiratory tract include asthma, chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, emphysema, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Lung Diseases Disturbing the Interstitium
The interstitium refers to the delicate linings that could be found between the lungs and the air sacs. It is important in the transition processes that take place between the respiratory and the circulatory systems. With this, it is important to protect this part from a lung disease.
Some examples of lung illnesses that may affect the interstitium include interstitial lung disease, sarcoidosis, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, and pulmonary edema.
Lung Diseases Disturbing the Pleura
The pleura refer to the minute lining that surrounds the lungs and the walls of the chest. Lung diseases that may affect this part include plural effusion, mesothelioma, and pneumothorax.
Lung Diseases Disturbing the Blood Vessels
Blood vessels, which would carry oxygen to the heart, are also connected to the heart. As such it is also important to protect the lungs from a lung disease that may come in the form of pulmonary embolism, or pulmonary hypertension.
Lung Diseases Disturbing the Chest Wall
The chest wall also serves an important role to the respiratory system. It is the part the covers and connects that ribs to each other. Some examples of diseases that may affect the chest wall include neuromuscular disorders, serious breathing problems, and obesity hypoventilation syndrome.